Flavius Josephus
The Life of Josephus
Book 1, Whiston Chapter 1, Whiston Section 1

1 Ἐμοὶ δὲ γένος ἐστὶν οὐκ ἄσημον, ἀλλ' ἐξ ἱερέων ἄνωθεν καταβεβηκός. ὥσπερ δ' παρ' ἑκάστοις ἄλλη τίς ἐστιν εὐγενείας ὑπόθεσις, οὕτως παρ' ἡμῖν τῆς ἱερωσύνης μετουσία τεκμήριόν ἐστιν γένους λαμπρότητος.

2 ἐμοὶ δ' οὐ μόνον ἐξ ἱερέων ἐστὶν τὸ γένος, ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐκ τῆς πρώτης ἐφημερίδος τῶν εἰκοσιτεσσάρων, πολλὴ δὲ κἀν τούτῳ διαφορά, καὶ τῶν ἐν ταύτῃ δὲ φυλῶν ἐκ τῆς ἀρίστης. ὑπάρχω δὲ καὶ τοῦ βασιλικοῦ γένους ἀπὸ τῆς μητρός: οἱ γὰρ Ἀσαμωναίου παῖδες, ὧν ἔγγονος ἐκείνη, τοῦ ἔθνους ἡμῶν ἐπὶ μήκιστον χρόνον ἠρχιεράτευσαν καὶ ἐβασίλευσαν.

3 ἐρῶ δὲ τὴν διαδοχήν: πρόπαππος ἡμῶν Σίμων Ψελλὸς ἐπικαλούμενος. οὗτος ἐγένετο καθ' ὃν καιρὸν ἠρχιεράτευσεν Σίμωνος ἀρχιερέως παῖς, ὃς πρῶτος ἀρχιερέων Ὑρκανὸς ὠνομάσθη.

4 γίνονται δὲ τῷ Ψελλῷ Σίμωνι παῖδες ἐννέα: τούτων ἐστὶν Ματθίας Ἠφαίου λεγόμενος: οὗτος ἠγάγετο πρὸς γάμον θυγατέρα Ἰωνάθου ἀρχιερέως τοῦ πρώτου ἐκ τῶν Ἀσαμωναίου παίδων γένους ἀρχιερατεύσαντος τοῦ ἀδελφοῦ Σίμωνος τἀρχιερέως, καὶ γίνεται παῖς αὐτῷ Ματθίας Κυρτὸς ἐπικληθεὶς ἄρχοντος Ὑρκανοῦ τὸν πρῶτον ἐνιαυτόν.

5 τούτου γίνεται Ἰώσηπος ἐνάτῳ ἔτει τῆς Ἀλεξάνδρας ἀρχῆς, καὶ Ἰωσήπου Ματθίας βασιλεύοντος Ἀρχελάου τὸ δέκατον, Ματθία δὲ ἐγὼ τῷ πρώτῳ τῆς Γαί̈ου Καίσαρος ἡγεμονίας. ἐμοὶ δὲ παῖδές εἰσιν τρεῖς, Ὑρκανὸς μὲν πρεσβύτατος ἔτει τετάρτῳ τῆς Οὐεσπασιανοῦ Καίσαρος ἡγεμονίας, ἑβδόμῳ δὲ Ἰοῦστος, ἐνάτῳ δὲ Ἀγρίππας.

6 τὴν μὲν τοῦ γένους ἡμῶν διαδοχήν, ὡς ἐν ταῖς δημοσίαις δέλτοις ἀναγεγραμμένην εὗρον, οὕτως παρατίθεμαι τοῖς διαβάλλειν ἡμᾶς πειρωμένοις χαίρειν φράσας.

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by Steve Mason by William Whiston

1Now1 in my case, my ancestry2 is rather distinguished,3 having originated with priests4 long ago. Just as the basis of noble birth5 is different among various [nations], so also among us membership6 in the priesthood is a certain proof7 of an ancestry’s brilliance.8

2Now in my case, my ancestry is not merely from priests; it is also from the first day-course of the twenty-four9 —an enormous distinction, this10 —and indeed, from the most élite11 of the divisions12 within this [course]. Further,13 I have a share of royal ancestry from my mother14 because the children of Asamoneus,15 of whom she was a descendant,16 for a very long time served as high priests and exercised the kingship of our nation.17

3I shall state18 the succession,19 then. Our patriarch was Simon, who was surnamed Psellus.20 This man lived in the period when the son of the high priest Simon21 served as high priest—he was the first of the high priests named Hyrcanus.22

4Simon Psellus had* nine children. [One] of these was* Matthias,23 known as “of Epheus.”24 This man took for himself25 the daughter of the high priest Ionathes26 —the first of the children of Asamonaeus’ ancestry to serve as high priest and the brother of Simon the high priest27 —into marriage. Then in the first year of Hyrcanus’ rule,28 he [Matthias] had* a child Matthias, surnamed Curtus.29

5From this man came* Josephus,30 in the ninth year of Alexandra’s rule;31 from Josephus, Matthias, in the tenth year of Archelaus’ reign;32 and I from Matthias, in the first year of Gaius Caesar’s33 imperium.34 I have three sons: Hyrcanus,35 the oldest, from the fourth year,36 Iustus37 from the eighth year,38 and Agrippa39 from the ninth year40 of the imperium of Vespasian Caesar.41

6I thus present the succession42 of our ancestry as I have found it recorded in the public registers,43 sending a greeting44 to those who try to malign us.45