707 To “do no work” ( ἀργεῖν) can carry positive connotations of rest (cf. 2.234, 282; Ant. 12.274; see note to “work” at 2.234) or a negative nuance of sloth (cf. 2.228, 291). While Agatharchides probably meant it in the negative sense, Josephus may have heard it in the positive (cf. War 1.60; 2.392). The seventh-day rest was familiar in Ptolemaic Egypt also under its Hebrew name “sabbath” (cf. CPJ 10), and was one of the most widely known features of Judean culture in the Diaspora (Barclay 1996a: 440-42). Josephus’ Roman readers would instantly recognize the phenomenon (cf. Barclay 1996b: 296-98). To hostile Roman observers it signified Judean laziness (e.g., Seneca apud Augustine, Civ. 6.11; Juvenal, Sat. 14.105-6; Tacitus, Hist. 5.4.3), an association that Agatharchides’ comments could reinforce.