580 Although what follows is cited from Clearchus, he is merely the medium (cf. 1.182) for the words of Aristotle, who is mentioned no less than 5 times in this passage (Clearchus only twice); since he is only the “pupil” of Aristotle, it is the teacher’s words, and the teacher’s opinions, that count. Aristotle was universally known, Clearchus only in scholarly circles, and Josephus neither dates nor locates him. Born in the 340s BCE in Soli ( Cyprus), he was a pupil of Aristotle, but attempted to reconcile Aristotelian and Platonic thought on many issues. The meager fragments from his many works are collected by Wehrli (1948). Josephus’ high evaluation of his intellectual ability is not shared by scholars, but seems to have been adopted by some dilletanti in antiquity (cf. Athenaeus, Deipn. 701c). Although he may have travelled as far as Bactriana (Afghanistan), his knowledge of “eastern” philosophy was extremely limited (1.179).