565 Choerilus is the third in the trio of “indirect” witnesses. Josephus makes clear that his poetry concerns an historical event, but a sceptic could object that the genre lends itself to “myth” more than “history.” A younger contemporary of Herodotus, who flourished at the end of the 5th century BCE, Choerilus of Samos pioneered the presentation of recent history (the Persian invasion of Greece) in epic verse. He was famous in his own day and in the immediately succeeding generations, but his works have since been lost, and in the Roman world he gained only sporadic mention in recherché circles (see Huxley 1969). Josephus is thus dredging up a somewhat obscure witness, whom he may know either via Ephorus (so Gutschmid 577-78) or through some earlier Judean researcher. His description as “older” ( ἀρχαιότερος is the more secure text) gives a vague sense of antiquity to his witness (cf. 1.162, 166): it is not clear whether Josephus thought he was older than Herodotus, or, more likely, older than most other poets.