534 “Especially” is a necessary, but unusual, rendering of the Greek ἐκ πλείστου (see Gutschmid 557); I dissent here from Thackeray’s translation, “in those distant ages,” although it has that sense in Ant. 15.223. Josephus immediately foregrounds the theme of emulation, which will become increasingly dominant in this segment of his work, and which anticipates a key topic in book 2 (see note to “degree” at 2.280). The vocabulary he uses (here: ζηλωτής) suggests both admiration (even envy) and imitation. It seems that Josephus can make little sense of the supposed connection between Pythagoras’ obscure taboos and Judean customs; all that is important is that (according to Hermippus) there was a connection by derivation from Judean “beliefs” (1.165). That is the point that Josephus will reiterate in in 1.165, giving his own interpretation of what Hermippus may have intended as ridicule.