529 The issue as stated in 1.2 was whether any famous Greek historians made reference to Judeans, and thus proved their antiquity. The criteria have now been diluted. While it is necessary to be “Greek” (in a broad sense, including Ionian), not all of the authors to be cited are famous, and several would not fit the category of “historian.” Although Josephus had specified “historian” in 1.2, 5, his search for “witnesses” was less specific (1.4) and had broadened in 1.58, 72 to συγγραφεῖς, “writers.” In this segment, Josephus is careful to begin (1.163) and end (1.213-14) with explicit reference to “history” (verbs and nouns from the ἱστορ-root; also at 1.168, 176). But otherwise he uses the more general root συγγραμ- (e.g., 1.183, 213; here συγγράματα), under which label he can include even a poet (1.172). It is now necessary only to “refer” to Judeans: the proof of their “antiquity” may be hinted at in 1.162, but is not made explicit in this segment until the conclusion (1.217).