41 Titus Flavius Vespasianus (b. 9 CE; princeps 69-79 CE) was a rare “new man” in Roman politics: he and his older brother (T. Flavius Sabinus) were the first in their family to reach the senate, and both attained the high office of consul. Largely on the basis of his proven military prowess in Britain (43-47 CE) and especially Judea (67-69 CE), along with the personal traits he demonstrated and the social ties he generated thereby, Vespasian rose to the principate after his armies had challenged Vitellius’ accession from the summer of 69 (Levick 1999:53-64). For him as for the emperors immediately preceding him, the name “Caesar” had become a title rather than a family name (from which ultimately came Kaiser, Csar, etc.)—to help insinuate them into the heritage of Augustus. It was to Vespasian that Josephus surrendered at Iotapata, when Vespasian and his son Titus were leading the Roman campaign in Judea. After his arrest, Josephus claims, he predicted the generals’ rise to imperial honor two years before the event ( War 3.399-408). After the acclamation by his Alexandrian legions, Vespasian freed him ( War 4.622-29) and later became his chief patron in Rome.