22 The third clause relates more to the second purpose than to the first, and the category may be artificially created, out of the second, to create a rhetorical tricolon (cf. War 3.108-9). Although “truth” is at issue in both cases, “antiquity” ( ἀρχαιότης) is the theme of the proofs running up to 1.218 (the term is repeated in 1.59, 69, 93, 160, 215, 217; cf. 2.1). This clause may be partly responsible for the common title accorded to this work in antiquity (see Introduction, § 4), but it hardly covers the whole treatise: after so much else in 1.219ff., it is listed as only one of the topics in the summation at 2.287-90. This generalized depiction of audience (cf. 2.296) is of little help in assessing Josephus’ intended readers (see Introduction, § 7), though the reference to “wishing” to know the truth (repeated in 2.296) perhaps hints at his awareness that he will only convince those who are willing to be persuaded (cf. Ant. 1.12). “The truth” will often be decided through a procedural asymmetry: while those who agree with Josephus’ argument, or his scriptures, are hailed as truth-telling, without scrutiny of their motives or bias, those whom Josephus refutes are subjected to lengthy analyses of their (improper) motives.